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Glossary of Terms


A metabolite is any substance produced during metabolism (digestion or other bodily chemical processes). The term metabolite may also refer to the product that remains after a drug is broken down (metabolized) by the body. Source: Read More


According to the World Health Organization, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain of coronaviruses that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and trouble breathing. Read More


According to the World Health Organization, coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Read More

Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (NPSLE)

Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) describes a wide range of brain-involved symptoms — symptoms like not thinking clearly, forgetting things or even seizures, stroke and psychosis—experienced by up to 95% of lupus patients.   Source: Schwartz, Noa, Ariel D. Stock, and Chaim Putterman. “Neuropsychiatric lupus: new mechanistic insights and future treatment directions.” Nature Reviews Rheumatology (2019): 1. […] Read More

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease in which the body makes abnormal proteins in the blood called antiphospholipid autoantibodies that attack  phospholipids (or fat) found in the outer wall of cells.  This causes the damaged cells to stick to each other and become clots that can block critical blood flow in blood vessels. Source: […] Read More

Trial sponsor

A person, company, institution, group, or organization that oversees or pays for a clinical trial and collects and analyzes the data. Also called clinical trial sponsor. Source: NCI Read More

Study Type

Describes the nature of a clinical study, such as interventional studies (also called clinical trials), observational studies, and expanded access. Source: NCI Read More

Study Documents

Refers to the type of documents that the study sponsor or PI may add to their study record. These include a study protocol, statistical analysis plan, and an informed consent form. Source: Read More
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