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IL-8 secreted in a macrophage migration-inhibitory factor- and CD74-dependent manner regulates B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia survival - Richard Bucala

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a malignant disease of small mature lymphocytes. Previous studies have shown that CLL B lymphocytes express relatively large amounts of CD74 mRNA relative to normal B Cells. In the present study, we analyzed the molecular mechanism regulated by CD74 in B-CLL cells. The results presented here show that activation of cell-surface CD74, expressed
at high levels from an early stage of the disease by its natural ligand, macrophage migration-inhibition factor (MIF), initiates a signaling cascade that contributes to tumor progression. This pathway induces NF-B activation, resulting in the secretion of IL-8 which, in turn, promotes cell survival. Inhibition of this pathway leads to decreased cell survival. These findings could form the basis of unique therapeutic strategies aimed at blocking the CD74-induced, IL-8- dependent survival pathway.

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Source: Alliance for Lupus Research
Funded Research



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